What Is The Cannabis Act?
The Cannabis Act is the law that outlines a strict legal framework for controlling the production, distribution, sale, and possession of cannabis across Canada. The main aims of this act are to realize these 3 goals:
- Safeguard cannabis from the reach of children
- Protection of profits out of criminals pockets and
- Save the public health and safety with adults allowed to have access to lawful cannabis
This act came into being on October 17, 2018. Where provinces and territories were made responsible for determining how cannabis is distributed and sold within their jurisdictions.
The set rules were around:
- How cannabis can be sold
- Location of the stores
- How the operations of the stores should be done
- Who is permitted to sell cannabis
Each province and territory had to be given its excise stamp for legal cannabis products (except for products with no THC).
Cannabis Laws of Canada – Province by Province Regulations
Prince Edward Island
Around December 2017, Prince Edward Island announced preparatory regulations for the 2018 federal legalization of cannabis. The Prince Edward Island Liquor Control Commission has been put in charge to administer all cannabis shops.
The government’s Prince Edward Island Cannabis Management Corporation was operating about four cannabis stores in 2018, with their online stores selling dried cannabis, seedlings, cannabis oil, and seeds. The purchasing age has been fixed at 19 and adults are allowed to grow cannabis plants, up to four per household, and may possess up to 30 grams of cannabis away from home but there is no limit to the amount kept in the home. The selling of medical cannabis is only done by licensed producers.
The only legal entity allowed to transport or sell cannabis at the retail level in Quebec is Société québécoise du cannabis (SQDC). Home-growing of cannabis however is not permitted. The legal age to consume was raised to 21, as of January 2020.
Adults may possess up to 30 grams of dried cannabis, the maximum allowed per purchase, but a full 150 grams may be kept in a household, regardless of the number of adult residents.
The Saskatchewan Liquor and Gaming Authority had its framework for distribution, sale, and use of cannabis In March 2018. This framework included setting the minimum age for non-medicinal cannabis consumption at 19 years of age. Consuming cannabis in public spaces is prohibited. Driving while impaired is illegal, whether the cannabis is used for medical or recreational purposes.
An adult may carry up to 30 grams of cannabis. Adults may grow up to four cannabis plants per household for personal use; restrictions may be placed by landlords or condo corporations.
Yukon’s proposed framework, the territory planned to have one government-owned physical store in the main city of Whitehorse, and online sales to reach more distant communities. The minimum age for cannabis use is 19.
By 17 October 2018, the Yukon cannabis store in Whitehorse and the territory’s e-commerce retail site were operating. The products ordered online are delivered by Canada Post. The Yukon Liquor Corporation had plans to set up a cannabis licensing board to accept applications from private entities to operate cannabis retail stores.
The Ontario Cannabis Store (OCS), a Crown corporation of the Government of Ontario, is the sole legal wholesaler and online retailer for cannabis in Ontario.
The minimum legal age to purchase and use cannabis in Ontario is 19, and adults can carry up to 30 grams in public. Cannabis edibles are available for commercial sale, and homemade food and drinks can be made. Ontario’s cannabis legislation allows for vaping and smoking the product in public wherever tobacco may be smoked. Home-growing is permitted, with up to four plants per household. Just as locations for cigarette smoking are restricted by the Smoke-Free Places Act, smoking or vaping of cannabis is also restricted in some locations.
Sales are being made online, by phone, or through agents of the Nunavut Liquor and Cannabis Commission (NULC). The minimum age for possession or use is 19. Restrictions on smoking the product are the same as for tobacco smoking. No more than 30 grams may be bought at one time by an individual or carried in public and it is illegal to grow cannabis plants
Adult-use cannabis can only be sold in packages of a single color without graphics other than the logo and a health warning. Cannabis companies are prohibited from promoting themselves through TV commercials or billboards.
Bill 26 was given royal assent on December 15, 2017. This bill provided that private retailers may sell cannabis to the public, but online sales are through the provincial government.
The minimum age for use or possession of cannabis is 18, The sales are made at private enterprise stores licensed by Alberta Gaming, Liquor, and Cannabis or from the government’s website. Retail stores licensed selling cannabis are not allowed to sell alcohol, tobacco, or pharmaceuticals, smoking or vaping of cannabis can be done in user’s homes and in some public spaces where cigarette smoking is allowed, however cannabis use is banned in cars.
The minimum age to possess, purchase, and consume cannabis is 19 years old. There is a government-run wholesale distribution model and its online sales, although there are some private and publicly run retail stores operating. Cannabis consumption is permitted in public areas where vaping and smoking are permitted, but, if the area is frequented by children, cannabis is banned. Drug-impaired driving is considered illegal.
The regulations include a maximum household possession limit of 1,000 grams but only 30 grams in public. Cannabis products that are allowed to be sold include oils, such as capsules tinctures and topical products, cannabis plants or cannabis seeds, cannabis products marketed for pets, and soap or bath products containing cannabis.
Manitoba Produced the Safe and Responsible Retailing of Cannabis Act, detailing their plans for cannabis use and sales in December 2017. The age for use or possession is set at 19. Home-growing of cannabis is prohibited. Manitoba Liquor and Lotteries do all the sourcing of cannabis to retailers, where it will be sold in private-sector stores.
By the time recreational marijuana was legal in Canada, Manitoba had firmed up its rules. Cannabis must not be smoked or vaped in public, home growing is illegal and individuals may carry up to 30 grams of cannabis while in public. Purchases can be made online or at the provincially licensed retail stores operated by private enterprise companies.
New Brunswick Liquor Corporation is in charge of the cannabis stores in the province. The proposed laws in the province included limiting adults to carrying 30 grams of cannabis (with no limit inside the home). The cannabis in homes must be stored in a locked container or room.
The minimum age to use, buy, possess or grow cannabis for recreational use is 19. Cannabis is not allowed to be consumed in public places or a motor vehicle, whether it’s moving or not. Hotels and campgrounds can restrict the smoking and vaping of cannabis but not ban other methods of consumption. Households may grow up to four plants. Purchases may be made only through cannabis stores, or e-commerce sites; no advertising of the product is allowed.
Newfoundland and Labrador
Cannabis in this province is only allowed to be sold by licensed private retailers, but distribution and regulation are run by the province’s crown corporation, the Newfoundland and Labrador Liquor Corporation. The purchase, possession and, usage of cannabis age are set at 19.
A maximum of 30 grams may be purchased at one time. Although medical marijuana may be smoked or vaped in public where tobacco smoking is allowed, recreational cannabis may be consumed only inside private dwellings, or in yards attached to those dwellings, never in a public place or a vehicle. Adults may grow up to four marijuana plants per household
The liquid and cannabis commission regulates all cannabis sales in the territory. Online orders from the government websites can also be made, with the cannabis delivered by the Canada Post. There are also stores operated by private licensed enterprise companies. There are restrictions as to where cannabis may be smoked and these include private property and public smoking be restricted to certain areas. The legal age for growing, possession, buying, or consumption of cannabis is set at 19. Adults may carry up to 30 grams of cannabis in public.
The recreational use of cannabis has been legalized by the federal government of Canada. The Cannabis Act is the legal and regulatory framework for controlling the production, distribution, sale, and possession of recreational cannabis in Canada. It was put in place to keep cannabis out of the hands of youth, keeping profits out of the pockets of criminals, and protecting public health and safety by allowing adults access to legal cannabis.
If you have any other questions regarding the consumption of cannabis, our medical cannabis educators would be happy to help. Please Email [email protected], call 1-888-256-7043 or book an appointment with our online booking tool.